What is Dyslexia?
The current definition from the International Dyslexia Association states:
"Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relations to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include: problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experiences that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge."
Common Signs of Dyslexia
Kindergarten - Third Grade:
Failure to understand that words are made up of parts or individual sounds
Difficulty learning the letter names and their corresponding sounds
Difficulty reading single words in isolation
Choppy and labored reading
Difficulty spelling phonetically
Fourth Grade - High School
History of reading and spelling difficulties
Avoids reading aloud
Reads most materials slowly: oral reading is labored, not fluent
Avoids reading for pleasure
Difficulty with spelling