What is Dyslexia?

  • The current definition from the International Dyslexia Association states:


    "Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.  These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relations to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.  Secondary consequences may include: problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experiences that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge." 

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Common Signs of Dyslexia

  • Kindergarten - Third Grade:

    • Failure to understand that words are made up of parts or individual sounds

    • Difficulty learning the letter names and their corresponding sounds

    • Difficulty reading single words in isolation

    • Choppy and labored reading

    • Difficulty spelling phonetically



    Fourth Grade - High School

    • History of reading and spelling difficulties

    • Avoids reading aloud

    • Reads most materials slowly: oral reading is labored, not fluent

    • Avoids reading for pleasure

    • Difficulty with spelling 

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